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Bhagavad Gita Passages that Express the Essence of a Sutra

Bhagavad Gita: Chapter Five, Verse 22 – A wise person does not delight in pleasure that comes and goes.
Sutra: Book Two, Verse 15 – To one of discrimination, everything is painful…
This Gita passage fortifies the notion that pain and suffering exist when we look to external (outside) sources, people and things to fulfill us and make us happy. Joy cannot come from the outside. When it does and we are ‘happy,’ we become so attached to that happiness that soon the wave of joy is over because of our fear in losing that joy. Real pleasure, therefore, comes from detaching ourselves from the past and from the future and just being in the moment as it is. Without becoming attached to how we wish things use to be or how we hope they will turn out in the future, we can lead a more peaceful life.

Bhagavad Gita: Chapter Six, Verse 36 – Success in Yoga is extremely difficult if you cannot control your mind.
Sutra: Book One, Verse 2 – The restraint of the modifications of the mind-stuff is Yoga.
The Gita passage here focuses on our sense of attachment particularly to our mind-chatter and racing thoughts. We must be aware of how frequent our mind-chatter takes over and defines our perception of reality. There isn’t danger in this awareness. The danger lies in the how far a single thought can manifest itself to the point of becoming destructive or obsessive. The mind is the connection between thoughts and emotions. If our thoughts are destructive then our emotions are affected. Our emotions affect our physical bodies and we may suffer physically as a result. Therefore, we must bring awareness and control to our thoughts and ultimately examine how to best process them in a non-destructive way. We can do this through the study of Yoga.

Bhagavad Gita: Chapter Two, Verses 48 and 49 – Equanimity of Mind is Yoga. Wretched are those who are motivated by the fruits of their actions.
Sutra: Chapter Two, Verse 42 – By contentment, supreme joy is gained.
In the Gita, this verse explains that having few or no attachments results in peace of mind and heart. In Verse 49, the Gita talks about expectations and again not having any or being attached to and end result. Even if the slightest expectation goes unfulfilled, we are no longer content or happy. In fact, we are deflated because the circumstances didn’t turn out the way we wished. Therefore, to achieve contentment as stated in the Sutra, we find it more peaceful to surrender our attachment and our expectations so that life doesn’t disappoint us or over fulfill us in ways we thought it would. We neither like nor dislike when we are content. It is hard to suffer when the judgment of, the attachment to and the expectation for is absent.

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